"If you want to improve your playing skills, you have to know exactly what needs improving. It won't help to empty a bucket of range balls with your driver when it's your putting that's killing your scores. I understood this 30 years ago, when I first began measuring the skills of the PGA Tour players I worked with. This was before laser rangefinders, so I had to walk off distances before tournaments then run outside the ropes during events to chart where players hit their shots. I used these shot patterns and scores to identify weak areas and


“If you want to improve your playing skills, you have to know exactly what needs improving. It won’t help to empty a bucket of range balls with your driver when it’s your putting that’s killing your scores.

I understood this 30 years ago, when I first began measuring the skills of the PGA Tour players I worked with. This was before laser rangefinders, so I had to walk off distances before tournaments then run outside the ropes during events to chart where players hit their shots. I used these shot patterns and scores to identify weak areas and help the players turn those weaknesses into strengths. This research-based instruction formed the foundation of my teaching career and Scoring Game Schools, and today it remains a driving force within both.

Last summer, the PGA Tour offered me its ShotLink laser technology and software to study the games of amateurs. With their help, the Pelz Golf Institute staff measured every shot from more than 300 amateurs on four holes over four rounds at Arrowhead Country Club during the PGA Tour Superstore World Amateur Handicap Championship, in Myrtle Beach, S.C. This data allowed us to assess amateur skills with an accuracy never before possible. (And I didn’t have to do any running!) The purpose of our research was to compare amateur skills to those of PGA Tour players (which ShotLink measures) and use this data to help you assess where your game lies within that skill spectrum. Knowing this, you can accurately identify where your game needs the most work and how hard you must go at it to become a better player.” — Dave Pelz

Pelz’s new research on: Driving | Playing Par 3s | Sand Play | Makeable Putts

Your big problem
You overswing and lose balance when driving

My New Research on DRIVING
Poor balance, direction and target selection are killing your accuracy and distance

Driving Distance
As handicaps go below 15, average driving distance increases rapidly

PGA Tour 289 yards
0 Handicap 245 yards
10 Handicap 218 yards
20 Handicap 173 yards
30 Handicap 173 yards

Driving Accuracy
Fairways hit improves with handicap

PGA Tour 64%
0 Handicap 50%
10 Handicap 48%
20 Handicap 26%
30 Handicap 34%

Rough Tendency
The ratio of hitting drives in the right rough vs. the left rough increases with handicap.

PGA Tour 1/1.09
0 Handicap 1/2.48
10 Handicap 1/1.12
20 Handicap 1/1.71
30 Handicap 1/1.50

Why your numbers are bad

1. PROS don’t lose balance — or change foot position — until they complete their swing and walk away.
YOU swing your driver so hard you fall off balance.
(While the players we measured rarely did this on practice swings, it was almost the norm on real tee shots.)

2. PROS rarely swing their driver at 100 percent.
YOU try to hit the ball as far as you can with your driver, trying to squeeze every inch possible out of your swing.
(In interviews, most of the amateurs answered ‘as far as I can’ when asked how far they expected to hit their drives. Although they usually laughed when they said this, I believe they meant it.)

3. PROS aim down the right or left sides of the fairway, anticipating that the ball will draw or fade back to the center.
YOU have no bias in aim direction, nor do you favor a side of the tee box to compensate for your tendency to hit drives left or right of your setup alignment.
(The amateurs we measured consistently teed the ball in the center of the tee box and aimed straight down the middle of the fairway.)

How to make them better

Throttle back
Commit to “swinging within yourself” and finishing in balance without moving your feet. This may mean using only 85 to 90 percent of your available power (or effort), but your results will improve because of it. Good balance is fundamental to good golf. You can’t hit drives repeatedly in the fairway without it.

Favor the fade
Aim left if you usually slice. I know you don’t want to play for a slice and you’d rather take a chance on hitting one straight (or even with a draw), but this attitude hurts your scores. Always play the best you can with the game you brought to the course that day. If you want to eliminate your slice, work on it during practice at the range. On the course, aim down the left side and get your drives to stop in the short grass.

Hit for accuracy
Do whatever it takes to hit the fairway, even if that means hitting 3-wood or a hybrid off the tee. If you give up 10 percent of distance for 10 percent more accuracy, you’ll shoot lower scores.

Your big problem
You hit par-3 tee shots off the toe of your iron

My New Research on PLAYING PAR 3s
Under-clubbing, toed shots and target selection are your problems


Club Selection
Pros have a big advantage from 190 yards; not only are their swings better, they also use shorter clubs.

Club Used PGA Tour 0 Handicap 10 Handicap 20 Handicap 30 Handicap
Driver 0 0 2 6 4
3-wood 0 0 17 21 16
5-wood 0 1 9 22 12
Hybrid 0 4 13 14 28
2-iron 0 1 1 5 4
3-iron 3 9 21 14 8
4-iron 23 22 23 6 12
5-iron 32 41 9 6 16
6-iron 17 20 2 3 0
7-iron 9 1 1 0 0

Why your numbers are bad

1. PROS make contact in the center of the clubface more often, making it easier to control the distance they hit their shots.
YOU make contact out on the toe of the clubface. As a result, variable and less than maximum energy is transferred from club to ball.
(More than 90 percent of the amateurs came up short of the flagstick, no matter what club they used.)

2. PROS know how far they hit each club in their bag, and seldom overestimate how much distance they will generate with the club they select.
YOU select clubs based on an expectation of hitting them almost perfectly and having the ball carry precisely to the hole. The problem is, most amateurs don’t hit perfect shots very often.
(Even the amateurs who hit a solid tee shot mostly came up short of the hole.)

3. PROS calculate pin position and hazard locations when selecting their landing targets.
YOU aim directly at the flagstick regardless of how close hazards are to the target.
(Since most of the amateurs’ shots came up short, many landed in the hazard.)

How to make them better

Cut out your cut
As you swing through the hitting zone, move your clubhead down and out toward the target. This will curb your tendency to cut across the ball and hit it on the toe. Practice this by hitting balls from three inches inside a three-foot-long two-by-four piece of wood aimed exactly at your target.

Go long
Select the club that will get you to the back edge of the green. The ball will end up past the flagstick if you catch it pure, but no harm done since your shots are rarely straight enough for you to make the next putt anyway. Choosing a stronger club will carry your average shots closer to the hole, leave shorter putts and keep you out of hazards short of the green.

Be a scatter-brain
Study the shot patterns in the map above. Imagine hitting 100 balls to this par 3; which pattern would your shots fall into? From now on when you play a par 3, look for the safest area on the green for your shot pattern (not your perfect shot) to fall into, no matter where the flag is.

Your big problem
You make “funky” swings in sand

My New Research on SAND PLAY
You need to work on ball position, entry point and target selection


Up-and-Down Percentages From Sand

Distance to hole PGA Tour 0 Handicap 10 Handicap 20 Handicap 30 Handicap
10-20 yds 52% 10% 11% 21% 0%
20-30 yds 46% 30% 10% 0% 0%
30+ yds 31% 14% 13% 5% 0%

Average Proximity to Hole From Sand

PGA Tour 9’9″
0 Handicap 18’9″
10 Handicap 19’2″
20 Handicap 18’4″
30 Handicap 26’2″

Why your numbers are bad

1. PROS play the ball forward in their stance and use an almost standard wedge swing. They open the clubface and slap the sand to get the ball out, but otherwise the mechanics of their swing are smooth and normal.
YOU make unique, funky swings in sand.
(In analyzing play at Arrowhead Country Club, we saw hard swings, vertical-V swings, reverse pivots, players falling backwards, players stopping their swing immediately after impact, etc.)

2. PROS practice making sure their club enters the sand the same distance behind the ball every time.
YOU never hit the sand in the same place twice. Sometimes you contact the ball before sand — or hit very close behind it — and send it flying over the green. Other times you hit too far behind the ball and leave it in the hazard.
(Even when they made good contact two inches behind the ball, the amateurs we measured often swung either too hard or too easy and, as a result, carried the ball too far or too short.)

How to make them better

Play the ball forward
Try this: Hit a normal wedge shot from grass. Notice how your divot is forward (toward the target) of the center of your stance. This exact same swing which contacts the ball before it hits the ground on fairway shots can also serve as your sand swing. It will correctly hit two inches behind the ball in sand if you simply position the ball forward, out from the instep of your left foot.

Give yourself room to work
Play to reasonably safe sections of the green. Look at the sand shot I’m hitting: I need to carry the ball four steps just to get out, but if I carry it four steps past the flag it ends up in the bunker on the other side of the green. Based on ShotLink data, Tour pros should take dead aim at this flagstick because they’ll end up within about 10 feet of the hole. But if your average leave distance is longer (see handicap data, far left), you’d be wise to aim out to the right where there’s more green to work with.

Your big problem
You leave too many putts short

My New Research on MAKEABLE PUTTS
Touch for distance, getting line-locked and not reading enough break are hurting your putting performance


Percentage for Makeable Putts (10-25 feet)

Putt length PGA Tour 0 Handicap 10 Handicap 20 Handicap 30 Handicap
10′ – 15′ 30% 22% 19% 14% 25%
15′ – 20′ 19% 5% 10% 17% 0%
20′ – 25′ 12% 12% 13% 4% 0%

Approach Putt Performance (putt left after first putt from 10-25 feet)

PGA Tour 0 Handicap 10 Handicap 20 Handicap 30 Handicap
2nd putt length 2’5″ 6’7″ 7’11” 6’5″ 9’6″

Why your numbers are bad

1. PROS Rarely leave makeable putts (10 to 25 feet) short of the hole.
YOU would score significantly better by not leaving so many makeable putts short. Look at the scatter patterns of second putts remaining after the first makeable putt is missed. This “leaving-it-short” phenomenon was surprisingly consistent across the handicap range of amateurs but almost absent for pros.
(The amateurs actually did themselves proud when it came to makeable putts. Their performance almost across-the-board was closer to the pro level than in almost any other category we measured.)

2. PROS Play more break and miss more putts on the high side of the hole.
YOU almost never play enough break and leave a high percentage of missed putts below the hole.
(This was very discouraging to me. I have been preaching to amateurs to play more break in putts for the last 10 years, but this new data shows no evidence of anyone having listened.)

How to make them better

Forget the line
Too many golfers complain of pulling or pushing after missing a putt. These complaints are indicative of too much focus on line, with not enough attention paid to speed or distance. The truth is, a putt’s speed determines how much it breaks, and therefore usually controls its line (left or right) as it approaches the hole. In addition, most golfers don’t read the right line in the first place.

Having said this, do me — and your game — four favors this season: (1) Focus on rolling putts beyond the hole on average; (2) Allow for a little more break on every breaking putt you see; (3) Recognize that for every putt you leave short you’ve thrown away a chance of holing it; and (4) Realize that until you miss as many putts above the hole as below, you’re STILL not reading enough break on average. Do these things for me and you just may start putting like a professional.

My New Research


What did it take to pull off the first-ever ShotLink analysis of amateur golfers? Lots of lasers and computers, plentiful staff and a lot of hard work

The Study

Amateurs were grouped into the four categories of scratch 0 (0 to 5), 10 (5.1 to 15), 20 (15.1 to 25), and 30 (25.1 to 35) handicappers. ShotLink fairway lasers were used to measure where tee and fairway shots started and stopped, up to within 30 yards of each green. From inside 30 yards, greenside lasers measured each shot’s location and progression into the cup. Foursomes were identified by number, with each player further identified by a colored ribbon tied to the back of his belt.

Why We Did It

We hope this data will help you understand where and how much your game can improve, and make both your future lessons and practice more valuable and productive. In my upcoming Golf Magazine articles you’ll also see details of amateurs versus the pros in approach shots, scrambling, losing shots to par, and in one-, two-, and three-putting. These stats won’t just be interesting: they will provide you with the metric to show what you need to do to move from where your game is now to the next level. (From 30 handicap to 20; 20 to 10; 10 to 0; or from 0 to the Tour.)


Number of golfers tested: 314
Number of swings measured: 7,278

Amateur Testing

• Pelz Golf Institute Staff: 10 on site
• PGA Tour ShotLink Staff: 6 on site

PGA Tour Testing

• PGA Tour ShotLink Staff: 15 (plus mobile-van and electronics)
• Volunteers each tournament: 300 (more than 10,000 each year)

Laser Measurement Accuracy

• Fairway laser: plus/minus 1 centimeter
• Greenside laser: plus/minus 1 centimeter
• Fairway measurement: plus/minus 27 inches
• Greenside measurement: plus/minus 2 inches

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